En inglés se puede agregar a un verbo una preposición y obtener un verbo con un significado completamente diferente. Por ejemplo, el verbo to look mirar, mientras que to look for es buscar, y to look after es cuidar. Tales verbos se llaman verbos preposicionales y los hablantes nativos los usan todo el tiempo; por eso es muy necesario aprenderlos pues son la clave para hablar ingles correctamente y con naturalidad.
Te dejamos para tí una tabla con algunas combinaciones frecuentes de “verbos+preposición”:
BACK retirar (palabras o cosas)
• I demand that you take back what you said!
• Sir, your car is ready, you can take it back whenever you like.
FOR tomar por
• Did you take me for an idiot?
• When we get used to something, we take it for granted.
UP ocupar mucho espacio, acaparar
• This couch takes up too much space in the living room.
OFF guitar, irse, despegar, tomar unos días de descanso
• Take off your shoes when entering a house.
• We took off after dinner.
• Are you taking off? – No, I’ll stay here.
• The airplane is ready for take-off.
• I was sick last week, so I took a few days off of work.
AWAY guitar, confiscar, sacar
• Are you done eating? Can I take away your plate?
• The soldiers took the captives away.
OVER encargarse de, tomar control
• Terrorists took over the plane.
• The mayor took over the responsibility of caring for the homeless people.
OUT restar, sacar, extraer, llevar, invitar a salir
• This fee was taken out of your bill.
• I need to take some money out of my account.
• Will you take me out tonight?
DOWN guitar, desmontar, desarmar
• The city government made the company take down their bright neon signs.
• That house was taken down because it was old.
• All flags were taken down in honor of president’s death.
A FOOD/DRINK comer algo, beber algo
• We’ve already had breakfast.
• I’d like to have a cup of tea.
• I like to have an ice-cream in a hot day.
A SNACK comer un bocadillo
• Let’s have a snack.
A SHOWER/BATH/SWIM tomar una ducha, un baño, nadar
• I have a shower every morning.
A LOOK mirar, ver
• Can I have a look? – Sure, give it a look!
• Have a look at my new bicycle.
A GO intentar (a hacer algo)
• I want to have a go at creating games for Android.
• Have a go! You can do it.
A FIT enojarse, enfurecerse
• Promise me you won’t have a fit if I fail math.
A PROBLEM tener un problema, dificultades con algo
• Debbie had a problem understanding his accent.
• He had some problems reading without his glasses.
A NAP echar una siesta
• We decided to have a nap during our downtime.
(AN EVENT) organizar (un encuentro, una fiesta), ir a un evento, participar en una fiesta
• Tomorrow we will have a meeting of our working group.
• I already have a game of chess with my dad planned for this evening.
• Next month I’ll have a business trip to Moscow.
ALONG ir, estar de acuerdo
• This idea goes along well with my paper.
• Does the red wine go along with rabbit
ON WITH continuar
• I think we should go on with the meeting.
• How can I go on with this weather?
• Please, go on with your story!
UP subir, aumentar
• Go up the hill until you reach the top.
• If my rent goes up again, I’m gonna have to move out.
• When you are going back to your house?
• He went back home the same way he came.
• You have to go back!
• I yelled at the dog to make them go away.
• Go away and never come back!
OVER ir, revisar
• Let’s go over this together again.
• Do you usually go over your notes before class?
• That didn’t go over well.
OUT salir de la casa, apagarse
• The fire went out after three days.
• They love to go out every Saturday night.
BY pasar por, pasar (el tiempo)
• We go by the coffee shop everyday.
• Time goes by so slowly.
FOR tener intenciones a hacer algo, dirigirse a, decidirse por
• Our team is going for gold medal in the Olympics.
• You should go for it!
• She went there for fun.
• I could go for pizza tonight.
DOWN bajarse, descender
• All prices go down again.
• They went down Texas to visit Dallas.
• In Siberia the temperature goes down to -60.
ALONG llevarse bien
• Are you getting along well with your co-workers?
• Do you and your sister get along?
ON (WITH) ponerse (ropa), seguir, subir un transporte, llevarse bien con
• Get your jacket on, it’s going to be cold.
• Get on the bus N215 and go until Red Square.
• Let’s get on with the party.
UP levantarse, despertar
• Get up, it’s 10 a.m.!
• Adam got me up at 6:30 a.m. by turning the music upreally loud.
OFF guitar, bajarse de un transporte
• Can you get this spider off my shirt?
• We need to get off the bus at the next stop.
ACROSS cruzar, comunicar, hacer entender
• It’s difficult to get humor across in another language.
• I hope I got my point across to you.
OVER superar, recuperarse
• Get over it!
• Jane still didn’t get over her break up with Peter.
• Call me when you get over your flue.
OUT (OF) salir, sacar
• Get out of here!
• How do I get this thing out?
• Can you help me get that book out of that box?
BY arreglarselas, sobrevivir
• I lost my job, so I am having a hard time getting by this year.
• How are you getting by these days?
AWAY WITH ocultarse, irse, salirse con la suya
• My brother gets away with everything!
• The bank robbers got away.
• At first it was rainy, but then clouds got away.
DOWN (TO) ir al grano
• What it gets down to is that you gonna have to pay more.
• Enough small talk. Let’s get down to business