Frases con los Verbos Más Necesarios en Inglés


En inglés se puede agregar a un verbo una preposición y obtener un verbo con un significado completamente diferente. Por ejemplo, el verbo to look mirar, mientras que to look for es buscar, y to look after es cuidar. Tales verbos se llaman verbos preposicionales y los hablantes nativos los usan todo el tiempo; por eso es muy necesario aprenderlos pues son la clave para hablar ingles correctamente y con naturalidad.

Te dejamos para tí una tabla con algunas combinaciones frecuentes de “verbos+preposición”:


BACK retirar (palabras o cosas)

• I demand that you take back what you said!

• Sir, your car is ready, you can take it back whenever you like.

FOR tomar por

• Did you take me for an idiot?

• When we get used to something, we take it for granted.

UP ocupar mucho espacio, acaparar

• This couch takes up too much space in the living room.

OFF guitar, irse, despegar, tomar unos días de descanso

• Take off your shoes when entering a house.

• We took off after dinner.

• Are you taking off? – No, I’ll stay here.

• The airplane is ready for take-off.

• I was sick last week, so I took a few days off of work.

AWAY guitar, confiscar, sacar

• Are you done eating? Can I take away your plate?

• The soldiers took the captives away.

OVER encargarse de, tomar control

• Terrorists took over the plane.

• The mayor took over the responsibility of caring for the homeless people.

OUT restar, sacar, extraer, llevar, invitar a salir

• This fee was taken out of your bill.

• I need to take some money out of my account.

• Will you take me out tonight?

DOWN guitar, desmontar, desarmar
• The city government made the company take down their bright neon signs.

• That house was taken down because it was old.

• All flags were taken down in honor of president’s death.


A FOOD/DRINK comer algo, beber algo

• We’ve already had breakfast.

• I’d like to have a cup of tea.

• I like to have an ice-cream in a hot day.

A SNACK comer un bocadillo

• Let’s have a snack.

A SHOWER/BATH/SWIM tomar una ducha, un baño, nadar

• I have a shower every morning.

A LOOK mirar, ver

• Can I have a look? – Sure, give it a look!

• Have a look at my new bicycle.

A GO intentar (a hacer algo)

• I want to have a go at creating games for Android.

• Have a go! You can do it.

A FIT enojarse, enfurecerse

• Promise me you won’t have a fit if I fail math.

A PROBLEM tener un problema, dificultades con algo

• Debbie had a problem understanding his accent.

• He had some problems reading without his glasses.

A NAP echar una siesta

• We decided to have a nap during our downtime.

(AN EVENT) organizar (un encuentro, una fiesta), ir a un evento, participar en una fiesta

• Tomorrow we will have a meeting of our working group.

• I already have a game of chess with my dad planned for this evening.

• Next month I’ll have a business trip to Moscow.


ALONG ir, estar de acuerdo

• This idea goes along well with my paper.

• Does the red wine go along with rabbit

ON WITH continuar

• I think we should go on with the meeting.

• How can I go on with this weather?

• Please, go on with your story!

UP subir, aumentar

• Go up the hill until you reach the top.

• If my rent goes up again, I’m gonna have to move out.

BACK regresar

• When you are going back to your house?

• He went back home the same way he came.

• You have to go back!

AWAY irse

• I yelled at the dog to make them go away.

• Go away and never come back!

OVER ir, revisar

• Let’s go over this together again.

• Do you usually go over your notes before class?

• That didn’t go over well.

OUT salir de la casa, apagarse

• The fire went out after three days.

• They love to go out every Saturday night.

BY pasar por, pasar (el tiempo)

• We go by the coffee shop everyday.

• Time goes by so slowly.

FOR tener intenciones a hacer algo, dirigirse a, decidirse por

• Our team is going for gold medal in the Olympics.

• You should go for it!

• She went there for fun.

• I could go for pizza tonight.

DOWN bajarse, descender

• All prices go down again.

• They went down Texas to visit Dallas.

• In Siberia the temperature goes down to -60.


ALONG llevarse bien

• Are you getting along well with your co-workers?

• Do you and your sister get along?

ON (WITH) ponerse (ropa), seguir, subir un transporte, llevarse bien con

• Get your jacket on, it’s going to be cold.

• Get on the bus N215 and go until Red Square.

• Let’s get on with the party.

UP levantarse, despertar

• Get up, it’s 10 a.m.!

• Adam got me up at 6:30 a.m. by turning the music upreally loud.

OFF guitar, bajarse de un transporte

• Can you get this spider off my shirt?

• We need to get off the bus at the next stop.

ACROSS cruzar, comunicar, hacer entender

• It’s difficult to get humor across in another language.

• I hope I got my point across to you.

OVER superar, recuperarse

• Get over it!

• Jane still didn’t get over her break up with Peter.

• Call me when you get over your flue.

OUT (OF) salir, sacar

• Get out of here!

• How do I get this thing out?

• Can you help me get that book out of that box?

BY arreglarselas, sobrevivir

• I lost my job, so I am having a hard time getting by this year.

• How are you getting by these days?

AWAY WITH ocultarse, irse, salirse con la suya

• My brother gets away with everything!

• The bank robbers got away.

• At first it was rainy, but then clouds got away.

DOWN (TO) ir al grano

• What it gets down to is that you gonna have to pay more.

• Enough small talk. Let’s get down to business

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